How Can It Be Diagnosed?
If any of your screening tests (Pap test, VIA, HPV test) are found to be positive, further testing may be necessary to determine whether the changes in cervix are cancerous. A colposcopy may be performed and/or a small sample of tissue (biopsy) will be obtained from the cervix.
- NColposcopy: A procedure in which a colposcope (a lighted, magnifying instrument) is used to check the vagina and cervix for abnormal areas.
- NBiopsy: If abnormal cells are found in a Pap test, the doctor may do a biopsy. A sample of tissue is cut from the cervix and viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. A biopsy that removes only a small amount of tissue is usually done in the out patient department (OPD). If a larger cone-shaped sample needs to be taken (cone biopsy), you may need to get admitted for a short period.